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By Peter Hofschroer

Previously unpublished eyewitness bills and conflict reviews German, British, and Dutch archive fabric released for the 1st time debatable reassessment of the total crusade here's a specified reassessment of the Hundred Days and a strong research of the epic disagreement at Waterloo. the 1st of 2 volumes, this examine is a completely researched exam of the hole strikes of the crusade from a brand new point of view in keeping with proof by no means sooner than awarded to an English-speaking viewers. Hofschrer arrives at far-reaching conclusions in regards to the arguable thought that the Duke of Wellington deceived his Prussian alliesand all next historians of the crusade. through proposing occasions from the point of view of the Germans, the writer undermines the conventional view of the crusade as one fought out via the French and the British and divulges the an important position of troops from Prussia and the German states.

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Example text

Compliant though the Reichstag was, a regular majority could no longer be found for a policy of unqualified reaction and during the 1890s there was much talk of a coup d’état to abolish universal suffrage. But neither the ruler nor his more responsible advisers ever mustered up the courage to embark on such a course and the reactionaries gradually became inured to living with something which they could not alter. But this made them all the more insistent on maintaining the 1870 distribution of constituencies for the Reichstag (which favoured country districts), the three-tier Prussian suffrage, the open voting which went with it and the tariffs on grain which were its economic counterpart.

The most prominent of these was how to handle the Socialists who, in elections to the Reichstag, had succeeded in winning more votes than any other party (though, owing to the out-of-date way in which constituencies were divided, they did not get a proportionate number of seats). The Kaiser was anxious to gain popularity by propitiating them; Bismarck was contemptuous of people whom he described as ‘dizzy with humanitarianism’ and wanted to stiffen his earlier legislation. He was ready, if necessary, to defy the Reichstag over this, reckoning that the resulting crisis would make him indispensable to the Kaiser.

His son Frederick III had often crossed swords with Bismarck, was much under the influence of his wife, Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, and sympathized with liberal ideas. But in 1887 he developed cancer and reigned for only ninety days. Frederick’s son, the Kaiser William II, was not quite 30 when he thus unexpectedly came to the throne. He had been born with a damaged left arm, which did not prevent him from making himself a good shot and horseman but put him under constant strain. For the Prussian ideal took much living up to, and a particularly high performance was expected of the ruler.

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