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By A.V.B. Norman, Don Pottinger

"The topic was once divided into 9 chronological classes, starting with the Anglo-Saxons, via the Normans, after which by way of unmarried chapters on all of the 4 centuries, twelfth to fifteenth, with the final 3 chapters on 3 half-centuries from 1500 to 1660. inside of each one of those 9 chapters, the cloth is sub-divided into 4 elements excited about army association; fingers and armour; strategies and technique; and, eventually, castles and cannon. each one paragraph or web page is marked by means of a suitable image to point which of: those 4 subject matters is being mentioned at that time, in order that the reader, if he needs, may perhaps learn a quick background of strategies from 449 to 1660 by way of examining in simple terms the passages within the 9 chapters marked through the emblem "T". to help this there are, as well as the standard desk of contents, 4 different tables of contents giving the pages for every of the 4 themes. The plan may perhaps sound fairly man made, however it is unusually profitable, aided, because it is, through the varied small yet transparent illustrations in colors." from Carroll Quigley

Some of the guns integrated are: sword, longbow, halberd, pike, battering ram, catapult, cannon, and the brass feathered gun arrow. The publication additionally contains very important battles, tournaments, jousts, Renaissance pageantry, the carousel (the fastened ballet), and the evolution of armor - every one vividly portrayed in phrases and pictures.

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Extra info for A History of War and Weapons, 449 to 1660

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It was carried in a scabbard on a wide loose waist-belt which the weight of the sword pulled down low over the left hip. The belt was buckled or knotted at the front and was occasionally worn under the hauberk, presumably to prevent it being cut. In this case the sword hilt emerged from a slit in the side of the hauberk. ;-fiiCTW*frh ££&& .... ;„••••' - Norman sword Only with the greatest difficulty can even the best cavalry break steady and disciplined infantry them. The who are in a position to receive housecarles behind their shields would not have broken before William's knights if gaps had not been wall by the Norman made in the shield archers.

From these on the First Crusade. simple arms whole families of weapons were developed and be- came the typical infantry weapons of later periods. was during the conquest of Ireland (1169-75) tnat we nrst Norman barons of the Welsh borders using the lightly armed Welsh archers of Gwent and Morganwg with their bows It hear of the 'neither made of horn, elm ugly unfinishedlarge and strong, and ash, nor yew, but of looking weapons but astonishingly stiff, : equally capable of use for long or short shooting'.

Life was the debt to the Romans greater The medieval siege was carried out in much the same way as the Roman one, and several siege-engines described by Roman writers were used in the Middle Ages. The simplest of In no phase of medieval than in siegecraft. these was the ballista, which was no more than a gigantic crossbow hurling huge arrows and occasionally stones. This could be used with considerable accuracy even as an anti-personnel weapon. The second engine was Romans had called the heavy wooden trestle the 'mangonel', or catapult, which the 'onager', or wild ass.

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