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By Ernest Furchtgott

I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the school of the varsity of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate research in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval by means of the South Carolina fee on greater schooling. For 20 years we workforce­ taught our graduate-level direction, "Psychosocial methods to Geron­ tology," regarding colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded hundreds and hundreds of analysis posters ready through our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate direction requirement. numerous years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the collage. He in­ stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older section of our interdisciplinary direction. On campus approximately each day on the grounds that retirement, Ernie often telephoned to debate are­ cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex­ brought up him on the Gerontological Society's annual clinical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.

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Aging and Human Motivation

I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the college of the school of Social paintings on the college of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dept of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with an educational Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate examine in Gerontology software, guiding it to ultimate approval by means of the South Carolina fee on better schooling.

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For many functions, the older organism requires more time to reach the optimum level of activity for a particular function, and it cannot reach the same maximum potential performance level that can be achieved by a young organism. CONCLUSIONS The preceding brief summary can be also applied to most other biological systems important for motivation. Aging effects are most pronounced when the person is active rather than at rest. Some theories of homeostasis assume that all organismic activities, by definition, result 40 Chapter 2 in some disturbances in equilibrium.

Several studies have examined the role of exercise training on various biological and psychological variables. Blumenthal, Emery, Madden, George, et al. (1989) studied 101 men and women aged 60-83 years who were free of clinical manifestations of coronary disease. The participants were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise group, a yoga and flexibility group, or a waiting list control group. The exercise group participated thrice weekly in a 45-minute exercise program, which included bicycle ergometry and walking/jogging.

In healthy community-dwelling individuals, resting cardiac output, a product of stroke volume and heart rate (HR), does not change very much with age (Lakatta, 1985). However, systolic blood pressure (SBP) does increase with age, and this necessitates an age-related change in myocardial energy metabolism, with an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption. While changes at rest are small, the responses to stimulation may be considerable. In the supine position, HR in healthy individuals is not influenced by aging, but in the standing position, HR is higher in young than in older individuals (Schwartz, Gibb, & Tran, 1991).

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