“Gabriel Kuhn’s first-class quantity illuminates a profound international progressive second, within which incredible principles and debates lit the sky.”
—Marcus Rediker, writer of Villains of all countries and The Slave Ship “This striking assortment, skillfully edited through Gabriel Kuhn, brings to lifestyles that almost all pivotal of revolutions, crackling with the acrid scent of highway scuffling with, rebel hopes, and eventually defeat… In an period brimming with anticapitalist aspirations, those pages ring with that also unmet innovative promise of a higher global: i used to be, i'm, I shall be.”
—Sasha Lilley, writer of Capital and Its Discontents and coauthor of Catastrophism The German Revolution erupted out of the ashes of global warfare I, prompted through mutinying sailors refusing to be sacrificed within the ultimate carnage of the struggle. whereas the Social Democrats grabbed energy, radicals around the kingdom rallied to set up a communist society below the slogan "All strength to the Councils!" The Spartacus League introduced an rebellion in Berlin, council republics have been proclaimed in Bremen and Bavaria, and workers' revolts shook a number of German cities. but in an act that may tragically form the process heritage, the Social Democratic executive overwhelmed the rebellions with assistance from right-wing militias, paving the way in which for the ill-fated Weimar Republic—and eventually the ascension of the Nazis.This definitive documentary historical past collects manifestos, speeches, articles, and letters from the German Revolution—Rosa Luxemburg, the innovative Stewards, and Gustav Landauer among others—introduced and annotated by way of the editor. Many records, reminiscent of the anarchist Erich Mühsam's complete account of the Bavarian Council Republic, are provided right here in English for the 1st time. the quantity additionally comprises fabrics from the purple Ruhr military that repelled the reactionary Kapp Putsch in 1920 and the communist bandits that roamed japanese Germany till 1921. All energy to the Councils! offers a dynamic and shiny photo of a time of serious desire and devastating betrayal. “Drawing on newly exposed fabric via pioneering archival old learn, Gabriel Kuhn’s strong ebook at the German workers’ councils stream is key studying to figuring out the future of democratic employee regulate today.”
—Immanuel Ness, Graduate middle for employee schooling, Brooklyn College “An quintessential source on a world-historic event.”
—Lucien van der Walt, Rhodes collage, South Africa
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Additional info for All Power to the Councils!: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919
The street leading to the Jachmann Bridge was littered with abandoned rifles and machine guns. Some of the officers gave a promise not to take up arms again against socialist revolutionaries, and it was later proved that they had kept their word. Whether or not this rising was inspired by the Ebert government, the result was a defeat for the old militarist forces. The seamen supporting the Committee fought their opponents openly, and smashed them several times, but none of the officers were executed.
Labor organizer and communist William Z. Foster rightfully points out that the significance of the agreement for the failure of the revolution is often underestimated in literature on the German Revolution (12–15). 17 All Power to the Councils! 12. Hugo Stinnes (1870–1924), was a German industrialist who signed the agreement leading to the Zentralarbeitsgemeinschaft on behalf of the employers. Stinnes never published any memoirs, and it is not clear where Icarus is quoting from. 13. Carl Legien (1860–1920), SPD trade unionist who signed the agreement leading to the Zentralarbeitsgemeinschaft on behalf of the employees.
Meanwhile, unrest was spreading from the soldiers and workers in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel to other parts of the country. In Hamburg, Bremen, Hanover, and many other cities around Germany, soldiers refused to obey orders, workers went on strike, and broad sections of the population demanded the authorities to step down. The stage for the German Revolution was set. The texts in this chapter are eyewitness reports from Wilhelmshaven and Kiel. The so-called “Icarus Paper” is an account about the Wilhelmshaven events written by Ernst Schneider, a communist union organizer who was active in various organizations, including the IKD, KPD, and KAPD, before escaping Nazi Germany in 1939.
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