By Ph.G. Herbst
Giving on events a conversation with reference to this booklet, one of many queries raised used to be, 'surely, what you suggest are flat hierarchies'. This, i believe, offers a sign of ways tough it may be to conceive of organisations which do not need a hierarchical constitution. a slightly related reaction was once bought while, within the 1950's, an account used to be given to a supervisor of the British Coal Board of an self sufficient composite group of greater than forty miners, who had taken over whole accountability for a three-shift cycle, and divided the source of revenue received between themselves. His remark used to be that this couldn't in all probability paintings. the hot mode of labor association which were advanced by means of the miners in different pits within the Durham coal fields was once, on the time, good sooner than the present thoughts and philosophy of either administration and the exchange Union. It didn't support concerns greatly that the specific money owed have been awarded in an educational and medical shape (Trist et aI. , 1963; Herbst, 1962). i feel that we felt that each one the backing of systematic examine and information research will be had to current the case for modes of association, which deviated from traditional perform. in spite of the fact that, whatever used to be realized from this adventure. while first and foremost of the 1960's the Norwegian paintings Democratization venture used to be all started, a couple of demonstration websites have been manage which individuals may possibly examine, and that can functionality as facilities for diffusion.
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Additional resources for Alternatives to hierarchies
The networks formed are likely to be of a temporary nature, or they may after a while disappear and others are formed instead. R E F L E C T I O N S ON T H E W O R K D E M O C R A T I Z A T I O N P R O J E C T 47 In some cases what occurs is what F. E. Emery calls a flocking. That is, the conditions existing and suitable and visible facilities being available, people with a common task interest come together for one or more days, communicating and working together intensively and then disperse.
The aim is to identify possible emerging innovative trends, and to diagnose existing situations which are known to be problematical in order to generate alternative possible directions for develop ment. The problem encountered at this stage is that even if individual researchers are prepared to go on to the next stage, that is an active involvement in a social change program, the institutional structure and public image created during the research oriented phase may make it difficult to create the en vironmental links required for the transition.
The boundary separates systems from one another. 2. What we encounter here are not simply what may be taken to be necessary characteristics of organizations. If we take the field of knowledge as a whole, then we split this up into humanities and science. Science is split up into chemistry, physics, biology etc. Chemistry is again split up into different subjects, and even if bridging disciplines are established such as physical chemistry, these tend to become specialised subjects. In this way the field of knowledge can acquire the characteristics of a bureaucratic hierarchy within which each unit has a single exclusive boundary.
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