By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD
This quantity evaluates a number review measures with reference to older adults. The professional participants handle issues reminiscent of review of healthiness, sensible incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and ache. whereas the tools themselves are on hand from different assets, this ebook discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of assorted measures and provides present info at the swiftly altering, cutting-edge evaluate expertise.
Read Online or Download Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques PDF
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Extra resources for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques
These methods show promise for application to gerontological and geriatric assessment and will undoubtedly become widely used for scale construction and evaluation over the next decades. REFERENCES Ashford, W. , Colliver, J. , & Hsu, L. N. (1989). Alzheimer patient evaluation and the Mini-Mental State: Item characteristic curve analysis. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 44, P139-P146. Campbell, D. , & Fiske, D. W. (1959). Convergent and discriminant validation by the multitrait-multimetbod matrix.
Does the definition of the latent construct change? A second issue is the extent to which the same measures can be applied across age cohorts. Are there response biases present which may alter the validity of the measure for certain age cohorts? Finally, at issue is how age is placed in conceptual models of relationships among constructs. Should age be considered as a moderator variable, as an interaction term, or as a main effect? Invariance of States and Traits Across Populations. A basic assumption in comparing age cohorts is that the same construct is being measured across cohorts; however, there may be reason to question this assumption in some areas.
20, respectively. 07. 35. 26. 05, the average interitem correlation is about one—half of the original estimate, resulting in lower possible (maximum) observed alphas. This is not new information; in fact, Carmines & Zeller (1979) pro vide a table of Cronbach's (X values observed under different assumptions about the number of items and the average interitem correlations. 71. 87. The same situation obtains for interrater reliability coefficients such as K. Dunn (1989) recommends that the maximum obtainable K should be reported along with the observed values.
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