Download Are We Spiritual Machines?: Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of by George F. Gilder, Visit Amazon's Ray Kurzweil Page, search PDF

By George F. Gilder, Visit Amazon's Ray Kurzweil Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Ray Kurzweil, , Jay Richards

Desktops have gotten extra strong at an ever-increasing price, yet will they ever develop into wide awake? man made intelligence guru Ray Kurzweil thinks so and explains how we'll "download" our software program (our minds) and "upgrade" our (our our bodies) to turn into immortal -- prior to the sunrise of the twenty second century. during this debate together with his critics, together with a number of Discovery Institute Fellows, Kurzweil defends his perspectives and units the level for the significant query: "What does it suggest to be human?"

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Additional info for Are We Spiritual Machines?: Ray Kurzweil vs. the Critics of Strong A.I.

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None of this whatever happened inside Deep Blue. Nothing remotely like it. Here is what happened inside Deep Blue. The computer has a bunch of meaningless symbols that the programmers use to represent the positions of the pieces on the board. It has a bunch of equally meaningless symbols that the programmers use to represent options for possible moves. The computer does not know that the symbols represent chess pieces and chess moves, because it does not know anything. As far as the computer is concerned, the symbols could be used to represent baseball plays or dance steps or numbers or nothing at all.

In his famous analysis of organic form in Critique of Teleological Judgment he argues that an organism is a being in which “the parts . . combine themselves into the unity of a whole by being reciprocally cause and effect of their form. . ” He continues: Page 43 Untitled . . In such a natural product as this every part is thought as owing its presence to the agency of all the remaining parts and also as existing for the sake of the others and of the whole . . the part must be an organ producing the other parts, each consequently reciprocally producing the others.

The triumphant march of mechanism has continued throughout the twentieth century and its application has led to spectacular increases in biological knowledge particularly over the past four decades. There is no longer any doubt that many biological phenomena are indeed mechanical and that organisms are analogous to machines at least to some degree. Having achieved so much from the mechanistic approach it is not surprising that the metaphysical assumption of mechanism—that organisms are profoundly analogous to machines in all significant characteristics—is all-pervading and almost unquestioned in modern biology.

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