Download Aristotle on Metaphysics by Vasilis Politis PDF

By Vasilis Politis

Aristotle might be crucial determine in philosophy. each severe reader of philosophy will stumble upon the Metaphysics, but in the past there has now not been an introductory ebook to assist clarify the customarily tricky principles that come up within the text.This GuideBook appears to be like on the Metaphysics thematically and takes the reader during the major arguments present in the publication. The booklet introduces and assesses Aristotle's lifestyles and the history to the Metaphysics, the guidelines and textual content of the Metaphysics and Aristotle's philosophical legacy.

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Whether this theme also extends to book XII is less clear. ’ However, it is arguable that book XII addresses not only question 2 but also question 1. In that case, book XII is after all also concerned with the basic question of metaphysics (see Chapter 8§11). ’, also extends to Aristotle’s criticism of Plato’s theory of forms, especially but not only in books XIII–XIV. For it will emerge that Aristotle sees Plato and himself as engaged in a shared project, the project of searching for primary being (ousia).

Metaphysics] the science of? e. e. wisdom, metaphysics] must be the science [epistēmē] that considers the first principles [prōtai archai] and [the first] explanations [aitiai]. e. the first principles and the first explanations] that the other things are known; but they [the first principles and the first explanations] are not known through the things under them. (982b2–4) In other words, the first principles and explanations are what provide explanatory knowledge of other things—the things ‘under them’—but other things do not provide explanatory knowledge of the first principles and explanations.

Aristotle’s claim that non-explanatory knowledge, including experience, is knowledge of particulars and not also of universals may appear puzzling, since he also thinks that experience is a kind of general knowledge: it is non-explanatory general knowledge. For how can he think that experience is knowledge of particulars and not also of universals, but also think that THE ULTIMATE EXPLANATIONS OF ALL THINGS 37 experience is a kind of general knowledge? Apparently he must think that there are two different kinds of general knowledge: (1) general knowledge that is only of particulars and not also of universals; and (2) general knowledge that is of universals as well as particulars.

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