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By M. A. P. Meilink-Roelofsz

Now that this learn is done and that i desire to make due acknowledg­ ment to all those that have in any measure contributed in the direction of its cognizance, my suggestions flip within the first position to the only to whom this ebook is devoted. it's a nice grief to me that he who took such an severe curiosity in my paintings has no longer lived to work out its end. It was once he who at the start instructed me to enterprise upon this process research and whose encouragement helped me in moments of de­ spondency. The excessive common which, together with his prepared and significant judgment, he set for his personal paintings, was once an instance to me, and that i shall try to keep up it in my destiny experiences. not just did he aid me to put the basis of my wisdom of archive technological know-how, yet he was once additionally my consultant in a box new to me in lots of respects, that of Asian maritime alternate. His extensive wisdom of medieval ecu alternate within the Baltic sector led me to match and distinction the 2 worlds of East and West and therefore helped me to procure a deeper perception into the diversities and similarities among a few of the difficulties concerned. i'm drastically indebted to Prof. Dr. J. M. Romein, who has the growth of my reviews with nice curiosity a majority of these years, and on whose aid and help, occasionally in very tough situations, i've got regularly been capable of rely.

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Additional resources for Asian Trade and European Influence: In the Indonesian Archipelago between 1500 and about 1630

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6 The monsoons and. trade winds enabled traders from East and West tomeet one another in Malacca. Although the Indian ships could leave Cambay from January onwards, the best time for them to sail was in March? when they could avail themselves of the northeast monsoon. 38 MALACCA AT THE END OF THE 15TH CENTURY The later time was probably chosen as a rule so that traders from elsewhere (who also had to depend on favourable winds) could still embark in Gujarati ships. Only a short time could be spent in Malacca because it was necessary to be back on the Indian coast again by the end of May before it was sealed off by the southwest monsoon.

The large cargo vessels or junks with holds came mostly from Pegu, which also supplied junks to Java. 16 The Malaccan shipbuilding industry was apparently not capable of constructing deep-sea vessels, for when sultan Mansur Shah planned to make a pilgrimage to Mecca he had very large junks, suitable for the long sea voyage, built in Pegu and Java, both lands being renowned for their excellent shipbuilding,l7 This would also seem to explain why when Godinho de Eredia made his survey of Malay shipping at the beginning of the 17th century he only came across small, light ships in Malacca, vessels with two masts and oars, which did not voyage beyond the coasts of the Malay Peninsula and the neighbouring islands.

From May to the end of October, while this monsoon was blowing in the Indian Ocean, the arrival or departure of ships was impossible. During the last months of the old year, the first of the new, the Chinese arrived in Malacca with the northeast trade wind. If they were early, they could go on to Java after discharging part of their cargo in Malacca. So the Chinese had a longer respite than the Indians, but they too had to leave Malacca by the end of June in order to sail back with the southeast monsoon.

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