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By French P.A., Uehling, T.E., Jr., Wettstein H.K.

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For one thing, Suárez anticipated the point in Descartes that efficient causes have a special sort of priority. For another, Descartes’s discussion of efficient causation is conducted in terms set by the scholastics. ” However, I note in addition remnants of scholasticism in Descartes’s view of body-body causation in physics and in his account of mind-body interaction. Descartes did not simply adopt the scholastic concept of efficient causation without revision; as I argue, his rejection of scholastic physics and psychology in fact required significant departures from this concept as Suárez defined it.

Whereas in the traditional Humean view a cause is prior to and exists separately from its effect, the new Aristotelian view emphasizes rather the simultaneity of cause and effect as well as the continuity of causal processes. Proponents of such a view do not progress in lockstep, and Mumford indicates some important disagreements within this camp. However, he assumes that since the alternatives he considers contrast markedly with more Humean accounts of causation, and also bear strong affinities to Aristotle’s account of nature, there is sufficient warrant for speaking of a new Aristotelian concept of causation.

201a10-11/CWA 1:343). Aristotle explicates “that which is potentially” (tou dunamei ontos) in this formula as “that which can be moved” (to kinêton; Phys. 201a29/CWA 1:343). Motion is the ­actuality of a certain potentiality residing in the thing moved. , the potentiality of a piece of 13 Because motion occurs in four distinct Aristotelian categories—substance, quality, quantity, and place—there can be no univocal definition of it. The formula discussed here is rather a schema that applies differently to the four different kinds of motion.

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