By Christophe Dugave
Collating the data from over 20,000 guides in chemistry, biology and nanotechnology, this guide is the 1st to comprehensively current the cutting-edge in a single prepared reference. A group of foreign authors connects some of the disciplines concerned, overlaying cis-trans isomerization of double bonds and pseudo-double bonds, in addition to different cis-trans isomerizations.
For biochemists, natural chemists, physicochemists, photochemists, polymer and medicinal chemists.Content:
Chapter 1 Nomenclature (pages 1–5): Christophe Dugave
Chapter 2 basic Mechanisms of Cis?Trans Isomerization: A speedy Survey (pages 7–13): Christophe Dugave
Chapter three Mechanisms of Cis?Trans Isomerization round the Carbon–Carbon Double Bonds through the Triplet kingdom (pages 15–51): Yasushi Koyama, Yoshinori Kakitani and Hiroyoshi Nagae
Chapter four Retinal Binding Proteins (pages 53–75): Hideki Kandori
Chapter five Non?Retinal Chromophoric Proteins (pages 77–94): Marc Zimmer
Chapter 6 Fatty Acids and Phospholipids (pages 95–112): Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu and Carla Ferreri
Chapter 7 In Silico Dynamic reports of Cis?Trans Isomerization in natural and organic platforms (pages 113–141): Ute F. Rohrig, Ivano Tavernelli and Ursula Rothlisberger
Chapter eight Chemical elements of the constrained Rotation of Esters, Amides, and similar Compounds (pages 143–166): Christophe Dugave
Chapter nine Amide Cis?Trans Isomerization in Peptides and Proteins (pages 167–193): Stephan Wawra and Gunter Fischer
Chapter 10 Enzymes Catalyzing Peptide Bond Cis?Trans Isomerizations (pages 195–224): Gunter Fischer
Chapter eleven Tailoring the Cis?Trans Isomerization of Amides (pages 225–259): Luis Moroder, Christian Renner, John J. Lopez, Manfred Mutter and Gabriele Tuchscherer
Chapter 12 Peptidyl Prolyl Isomerases: New pursuits for Novel Therapeutics? (pages 261–294): Christophe Dugave
Chapter thirteen different Cis?Trans Isomerizations in natural Molecules and Biomolecules (pages 295–320): Muriel Gondry and Christophe Dugave
Chapter 14 Cis?Trans Isomerism in steel Complexes (pages 321–344): Alzir Azevedo Batista and Salete Linhares Queiroz
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Additional resources for cis-trans Isomerization in Biochemistry
However, the 13-cis isomer exhibits no peaks at all in this region. Most importantly, the spectral profile originating from the 15-cis isomer is identical to that from the all-trans isomer. The above results of electronic absorption and Raman spectroscopies indicate that the 15-cis to all-trans isomerization in the T1 state is too rapid for the 15-cis T1 to be detected, although other isomers have their own T1 species whose lifetimes are long enough to be detected spectroscopically. Fig. 8 ls after excitation).
3 Zero-field splitting parameters observed in 3Car(I), 3Car(R), and 3Car(II) and those simulated in models with the rotational angles around (C15=C15¢, C13=C14, C11=C12) bonds as specified for the reaction center-bound 15-cis-spheroidene . 50 a The |D | and |E | values in 3Car(I) are normalized. Finally, we tried to find the reason why such conformational changes can cause the dissipation of triplet population (energy) by examining the time-dependent changes in spin polarization (the difference in the populations on the spin sublevels, that is, N0 – N+1 (N–1)).
It is to be noted that the center of symmetry in those changes of the carbon–carbon stretching force constants is located not at the center of the entire skeleton (C15=C15¢ bond) but at the center of the conjugated chain (C12– C13 bond). The exact span of the triplet-excited region could not be determined due to the limited number of observed frequencies as mentioned above. 35 36 3 Mechanisms of Cis-Trans Isomerization around the Carbon–Carbon Double Bonds via the Triplet State Fig. 15 The S0 and T1 Raman spectra of undeuterated and various deuterio derivatives of all-trans-spheroidene in n-hexane.
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