By Yuri Dyakov, Vitaly Dzhavakhiya, Timo Korpela
This e-book deals a set of knowledge on successive steps of molecular 'dialogue' among crops and pathogens. It also offers information that displays intrinsic good judgment of plant-parasite interactions. New findings mentioned comprise: host and non-host resistance, particular and nonspecific elicitors, elicitors and suppressors, and plant and animal immunity. This e-book allows the reader to appreciate the right way to advertise or hinder illness improvement, and permits them to systematize their very own principles of plant-pathogen interactions. * bargains a extra vast scope of the matter compared to different books available in the market* offers facts to permit attention of host-parasite relationships in dynamics and divulges interrelations among pathogenicity and resistance components* Discusses priceless plant-microbe interactions and functional features of molecular investigations of plant-parasite relationships* Compares ancient examine of universal and particular positive aspects of plant immunity with animal immunity
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Extra resources for Comprehensive and Molecular Phytopathology
Viral genome and its functioning. In cellular organisms, the major functions of the nucleic acids – replication, transcription, and translation – are distributed between two types of molecules: double-stranded DNA and single-stranded RNA. In replication, the DNA molecule is unzipped and on each strand a complementary second strand is constructed using the enzyme DNA-polymerase. In transcription, the enzyme RNA-polymerase builds an RNA strand (minus strand) complementary to the DNA strand (plus strand) in a deﬁnite direction (from 5′ end of the molecule towards 3′ end).
Biol Rev 1972; 4: 537–572. Shaner G, Stromerg EL, Lacy GH, et al. 1992; 30:47–66. Shaw M, Samborski DJ. Canad. J. Botany. 1956; 34:389–407. Stall RE, Roberts DA. Plant pathology and control of plant diseases. In: Plant Pest Control. San Francisco. 1978; 89–121. This page intentionally left blank Chapter 1 Plant parasite microorganisms Yu. T. Dyakov, S. V. Zinovyeva Fungal plant pathogens General characteristics Fungi are classiﬁed into a separate group of organisms differing from both plants and animals, primarily by the type of nutrition.
Plant parasites are present in two divisions. Division Labyrinthulomycota are aqueous organisms developing plasmodia as an anastomosis net in the body of large algae (macrophytes) or the sea weed eelgrass. They frequently cause large-scale lesions and destruction of the infected plants. Division Oomycota are aqueous and terrestrial organisms; most species form mycelium without septa. They reproduce by zoospores with two ﬂagella unequal in length and shape. The sexual process is oogamy. They feed saprotrophically on plant or animal remains, or parasitize on algae, plant roots, or plant parts above ground.
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