Download David Being a Prophet: The Contingency of Scripture upon by Benjamin Sargent PDF

By Benjamin Sargent

This e-book identifies events within the New testomony the place Scripture is interpreted as if its that means is dependent upon its writer or time of writing. Focusing upon Hebrews, Acts and the 'Davidssohnfrage' within the Synoptic Gospels, it argues that this 'historical' method of interpretation is a vital yet neglected section of using Scripture within the New testomony.

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Cf. Westcott, Hebrews, p. 311, Ellingworth, Hebrews, p. 499 and Attridge, Hebrews, p. 273. Though Attridge notes that this phrase can simply refer to birth without connotations of pre-existence as it does in b. Yeb. 77a (‫)בוש לעלם‬, he concludes that the phrase has the same sense that it has in John’s Gospel (Jn 1:9, 6:14 and 11:27).  Westcott, Hebrews, p. 189, Attridge, Hebrews, p. 204, Ellingworth, Hebrews, p. 382 and Lane, Hebrews, p. 186 all associate this verse with Christ as κρείττονος ἐλπίδος without giving detailed reasons for this interpretation.

Attridge, Hebrews, p. 226 and Ellingworth, Hebrews, p. 411 who regards Heb 8:7 as ‘mild by comparison’ with Heb 7:11. Moffatt, Hebrews, p. 107 describes Heb 8:7 in terms which are similar to what has been argued in this chapter regarding Heb 7:11. 2 Hermeneutics in Hebrews 7:1 – 28 31 that the occasion of a new text, a new divine pronouncement, on a matter ends the authority and validity of earlier texts is also demonstrated in Heb 8:13 after the substantial quotation from Jer 31:31– 34. ⁸⁴ The same comment is made regarding the meaning of Ps 40:6 – 10 in Heb 10:9: ἀναιρεῖ τὸ πρῶτον ἵνα τὸ δεύτερον στήσῃ.

The author of Hebrews typically posits the historical antitype in more negative terms than its eschatological fulfilment. For example, in Heb 8:5, the historically idealised tabernacle is described as both ὑποδείγματι καὶ σκιᾷ of the eschatological heavenly tabernacle in which Christ is said to offer a sacrifice of his own blood. It is more likely that 28 Chapter 1: Historical Exegesis in the Epistle to the Hebrews stood is that between Ps 110:4, where he is mentioned, and the προαγούσης ἐντολῆς which instituted the Levitical priesthood.

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